Scientists may have found one of the natural food used in many different culture with a potential in reduced risk and protect against CVD.
Shroom capsules strong evidences through epidemiological studies suggested that regular consumption of fruits and vegetables is strongly associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD)(8)(9). Dietary fungi, such as, mushrooms, can protect against chronic disease by altering inflammatory environments through inhibition of inhibit cellular processes under pro-inflammatory conditions which are associated with CVD(1)(2).
According to Dr. Martin KR., ergothioneine (ERT), a novel antioxidant, presented in edible mushrooms, accumulated through diet was found effective in interrupted pro-inflammatory induction of adhesion molecule expression associated with atherogenesis(2).
Mushroom, a standard name of white button mushroom, the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a fungus produced above ground on soil or on its food source, contains several important nutrients including Thiamine (Vitamin B1), Riboflavin (Vitamin B2), Niacin (Vitamin B3), Pantothenic acid (Vitamin B5), Calcium, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sodium, Selenium, Iron, Copper and Zinc which are necessary to maintain the growth, functions of the body as well as protected against chronic diseases(6)(7).
Its antioxidants such as Astraodorol, Psilocybin, Lectin, adustin, ribonuclease, nicotine, etc. may also consist the magic power in reduced risk and treatment of vary types of cancer, including colon, breast and gastric cancers through inhibition of cell cycle arrest, significant suppression of cellular proliferation, in tested cancer cell lines(3)(4)(5).
These findings showed to support the notion of dietary mushrooms in protection of CVD, but multi canters and large sample size studies to identify the main ingredient which comparable to current medicine used are necessary to improve its validation.
But, the study of University of Gdansk, in the reviews and updates data on macro and trace elements and radionuclides in edible wild-grown and cultivated mushrooms suggested that the coexistence of
minerals of nutritional value collected from natural habitats, and co-occurrence with some hazardous elements including Cd, Pb, Hg, Ag, As, and radionuclides should be taken certain precautions(10).